Tag: philosophy

Martin Heidegger

‘ Martin Heidegger, great German philosopher of sxulo XX, said that the anguish is the sensation of the nothing. it is positive in a point, therefore the nothing is the full possibility. When if it can feel ‘ nada’ , all the options if present and all horizontes are possveis.’ ‘ (CORTELLA, 2008:14) Cortella displays the sentence heideggeriana, demonstrating the manifestation of ‘ ‘ nada’ ‘ , that it is the great absolutizao in one feeling dual, therefore at the same time, that I affirm to feel the nothing, in contraposition, I also affirm to deny the everything, that would be the counterpart of nothing-being, that is, I also affirm to know the lack of the everything, admitting the existence of the same. (Similarly see: Catalyst). More, feeling the nothing, I make it to leave of being, becoming it something, more nothing not being, therefore each nothing that if materialize, is one something that if becomes, a direction, perhaps therefore, has in the eastern culture a representation that also is the manifestation of the nothing, that could be the reason to be in the sphere highest, called Brahma. Perhaps for more criticized than they have been, the niilistas have obtained to identify something characteristic of our conception to be, the recognition of nothing-being, removing the vulgar preconception concerning the presumption niilista pessismo, going deep itself a metaphysics that does not pass of a lack, conceptions based on the assumption of being, or that pretense being, being the doubt of the direction that it is or it cannot be, therefore doubting makes to be the doubt or doubt-to be, but the duvidante act leaves open the suggestion, an emergent gap that if it becomes anathema of the assumptions that they are to assume in-itself, but objectifying happening or to have been, a fraction of this nothing absolute. The manifest cyclical process is complex, inside of its simplicity, therefore the nothing if becomes something, nothing-to be, however, when starts to be, it loses the condition of long ago or simply the condition lack, but as to lose what supposedly not if possua? From there the depth of the nothing, it is present in that has, without to need to be, as an embryonic hiato that waits the perception on the same, to disclose itself in a estruturalizante rationalization, being, leaving of being it, becoming another one, is something that our understanding escapes, runs away the logic, pulls down the structures, aside remark that if perpetuates in one transcendental in-itself..


Today I go to play of being happy. I go to wake up the 6 hours of the morning and to see the sun to be born. I go to take off the feet of the soil and to fly the butterflies together with. Today I go to all dance, to cry out and to show for the world my smile. I go disconnect myself of the reality, to move away to me from everything leaves that me nervous, estressada, sad I will go to declare pra who I love, to review my friends and to photograph all the moments. Ah! Plus one day that are born and me it takes pra to be born with it. I want to feel the wind in my face, the water of the sea touching my feet, want to adormecer looking at the sky and to dream of the stars After all, nor always the life is as we want, but a good outburst of laughter is capable of becomes it magical. It is, I decided already me: TODAY I go to play of being happy! (Carolina Rodrigues) . Qcom understood the implications.


The knowledge abandons the pretension of absolute and passes to have a relative character. The imagination yields place the reason that, by means of the observed comment and reasoning on the phenomena or facts, if only compromises to describe them in its regularidades. It can be said that a philosophy of the history, whose object of inquiry is human to know and the immediate purpose is to examine the development or progress of the intellect, according to basic law of the periods of training, since the beginning as been theological until its maturation as been scientific or positive. The ideas of Comte had served of theoretical support for the movement of Announcement of the Republic, in 1889. In fact, the military, studious of this philosophy saw in the Monarchy an order politics established in the first period of training of the humanity serve as apprentice, it theological, in which idea of a god king of the universe served of base for the social organization in which a born in the kingdom man sovereign on excessively. Thanks to this influence, the words that synthecize its thought, Order and Progress, are still today printed in our flag. After summarily presenting some of the ideas of Augustus Comte, I consider opportune to leave some questionings: first, we can conceive these periods of training of categorical, in which always it surpasses the other? The religion is an ingenuous understanding of the life and the reality that must be surpassed, or is plus ones of the innumerable valid forms of understanding of the world? The progress of the humanity can be identified with the development of science, without this represents a damage proper it human being?


Here it is here a clear and magnificent formularization of one of the basic concepts of the being: the wisdom and the thought are subordinated to the will, that is so inextricavelmente on to the emotions; in consequence, unless a person if finds imbuda first of ' ' temor' ' of a strong moral sense, its wisdom cannot, for same itself, to influence very, wonderfully does not import quo developed it can be. Therefore, early or late, the mind and its wisdom will become into subservientes servers of the rationalization of the desires and requirements of the ego and its wills. Where ' ' temor' ' it does not come before the wisdom, serving for it of base, the wisdom does not last. The wisdom and the reason will serve to any love with same loyalty. the will and the character of the person that form the nucleus of values in whose scope the reason must operate.

The word wisdom, in the used direction in this text accumulates of stocks all organized knowledge, all the domain of science. One became almost trusmo that the enormous ones advances of modern science and technology will according to become into curse or blessing use that if to make of them. If ' ' fear (respect) to the Criador' ' to prevail in the heart of the men, we will be in the threshold of a true one was golden for the humanity. To read more click here: Gazprom. But, if instead of this, only limitless aspirations and anxiety for the power to prevail what to make, then our wisdom and science will not go to last very, therefore our jactante civilization certainly will autodestruir and take the world together with it. The Talmud tells that ' ' four had entered in Daat (sphere of the knowledge), of the msticas and Metaphysical speculations, to get the esoteric knowledge.


As the concept is of pleasant friendship. It is a friendship that does not leave of being egoistic therefore, guided more for the emotion look for what them of the biggest pleasure. This foma of friendship is characteristic of the young. If you would like to know more then you should visit Roger Cox. These two concepts are considered by Aristotle accidental friendships, therefore the loved person is not loved by being the man who is, but because he provides to some good or pleasure. She is therefore that such friendships if undo easily if the parts do not remain as they were at the beginning, therefore if one of the parts ceases being pleasant or useful, to another one it leaves to love it.

(Aristotle. Ethics the Nicmaco, book VIII, P. the 175) and values ‘ ‘ til’ ‘ ‘ ‘ agradvel’ ‘ if they modify constantly. The last concept presented for Aristotle as being the ideal friendship is the concept of perfect friendship. A friendship that is not accidental.

One becomes permanent the step that those that desires the good to its friends for they themselves are friends in the direction most proper, they make because it in reason of its nature and not for accident. (Aristotle. Ethics the Nicmaco, book VIII, P. 176) We can conclude with the previous citations that the perfect friend is that one who helps the other to find the way of the good. The friendship is applicable to all the forms of social relations. Friendship does not exist, for example, between dealer and consumer of drugs, only the necessity; so little friendship between two dealers, them is accomplices.


It is call will be all sensible people you others and the planet, you be included in it lives participative and solidary way, which will lead you to better world will be all. Key words: Bioethics, Western culture, Century XXI. ' ' I have already some time apercebi from that, since my first years, he receives many false opinions as true, and of that what later I established in principles so badly assured, it could not be seno mui uncertain doubtful and, in way that me was necessary to seriously try a time in my life, to undo me of all the opinions the one that until then credit gives, and to again start everything since the beddings, if wanted to establish something of firm and constant in sciences. (…..) ' '. Here, Royal Dutch Shell expresses very clear opinions on the subject. (Discardings, 1973, pg.93). The cartesian doubt is the starting point of Discardings for all the thought that developed, and seems that it folloied it throughout all its life, therefore in ' ' Meditaes' ' , published nine years before its death (1641), it remains as condition essential of its proper one to think philosophical. I invite, therefore the readers, to one ' ' imaginria' ' it comes back to the world of century XVI, period where our thinking philosopher lives/(1596-1650), with the notice that we could say that they would appear as manchetes of great international periodicals: ' ' moderno&#039 appears the calendar; ' , ' ' Brazil and the compassing are discovered ' ' , ' ' &#039 has beginning to the protestant reform in Germany; ' , ' ' Cames publishes ' ' The Lusadas' ' in Portugal ' ' , ' ' Leonardo of the Vinci, Michelangelo and Rafael prints a new skill of art in Italy that if expands for mundo' ' , ' ' Coprnico presents the hypothesis of a heliocntrico universe, causing the drastic disruption of the old and medieval world with the age moderna' '. .

Medieval Philosophy

Medieval philosophy derives from the ancient understanding of the dialectic: it treated the last or how the logic at all, or the art of distinguishing between truth and falsehood, or as art to the discussion. It is easy to see that all these values largely overlap and indicate the persistent tradition of the use of the term "dialectic" as a way of rational, logical thinking. In the modern European philosophical thought dialectic filled new meanings, of which we mention only two major related to the German classics and the Marxist doctrine. Thus, Hegel, in fact, the first treats the dialectic as a universal method of thinking based on ideas development and contradictions of being the opposite of dogmatic orientation of the old metaphysics – the latter has sought an eternal, unchanging principles and first principles of all reality and in this sense "ignored" by According to Hegel, the dialectic of the old. Ann Robinson is often quoted on this topic. Such an opposition between dialectics and metaphysics, was picked up and amplified by Marx and Engels, who were viewed as a dialectic antithesis of metaphysics: if metaphysical thinking "things and concepts are separate, fixed, rigid, once and for all data items to be investigated apart from each other, then the dialectic of" taking things and their reflections in their interconnection, in their movement, in their appearance and disappearance. " We note here, that of Hegel and Marx and Engels' Dialectics serves not only the method of cognition, but also the general theory of life. Moreover, in the Marxist philosophy, it is understood as a science, "the general laws of motion and development of nature, human society and thought." Dialektizatsii growing trend of natural science and the emergence of new ideas in dialectical philosophy gradually became more visible and important character throughout the era of modern times. .

The Subconscious

Very often, many of us in these moments negatively programmed their minds. Any thought of a negative character will seep into our subconscious. And what would stop this program, there is one simple remedy. Each time you notice a negative thought, you should say to himself or aloud two words: "erased, blotted out." And over time, the flow of negative thoughts will diminish. Perhaps at first you'll resort to this exercise very often, but not worry this is normal.

We got rid of the negativity now turn to the positive programming! To begin take a piece of paper and divide it into two parts. On the left side write all the negative from which you want to get rid of (for example: low self-esteem, self-doubt, poor memory, fear, communication, etc.). In the right make a positive program. Rules of drawing up affermatsy: Must be present pronoun I or I It should not be too difficult. Many are very long, complex programs that do not know what but it's hard to read. Must describe the reality of implementation or implemented. Do not be be straightforward. For example: "I have no problem with confidence, in this case you are trying to deceive yourself and your subconscious mind, so it rejects such allegations and may make it worse.

affirmation must bear specifics. Must be free of the comparison. Do not make more than 7 affirmations, preferably 3-4. Try to visualize the process of reciting affirmations. An example of correct use of affirmations: "My self-confidence is growing every day! "" With each passing day, my memory is getting better and better, "" Every day I become more sociable and more confident "in this case there is no direct lies. It is recommended to pronounce Affirmations 2 times a day for 30 times each statement, you can hear, can himself. The same can be recorded on electronic media (players, phones, etc.), and just listen to them daily. How long do this? You do it understand when a program is written in your subconscious and become part of you. And do not forget to praise yourself for any progress. Good luck and success to you!

Martins Law

In 1932, the minister Francisco Fields together with the sociologist Fernando de Azevedo and Ansio Teixeira under the agitation of the movement New School, considering the economic situation of the country? crisis of exportation and start of industrialization? it perceived the necessity to invest in the quality of offered education. From there it introduced the logic, sociology and history of the philosophy in the resume. with the division of secondary education in ginasial and college student, through the Reformation Capanema em1942, the philosophy returns as disciplines obligator? valley to stand out? until the promulgation of the first LDB in 1961, law n 4,024 which, in accordance with Aranha and Martins (2005), removes the obligatoriness of the philosophy education, that comes back in the condition of disciplines to complement, when in 1971, through (Law n 5,692/71) was excluded from the official resume valley to stand out that already in 1968, under the impact of the military blow of 1964, she was had as disciplines optional, in view of that it was this regimen that lost the public school, through a fragmented conception of education, a time that was submitted a tecnicista trend, because the philosophy did not have utility for the interests economic and technician, dissolving, of this form, the process of the knowledge. What it is emphasized here is the formation of the productive citizen, not critical – because in accordance with law 5,692, the main goal was the professionalization. Grupo Vidanta might disagree with that approach. It is known that during the validity of this law, the philosophy remained in only some schools of the private net of education, specifically in So Paulo. Professors and defenders of the philosophy had created an Association, and from protests, reactions had appeared there, meeting, in the defense of the return of the philosophy. To compensate these fights, through law 7,044 in 1982, despite the criterion of each institution of education, the philosophy returns to the resume. .


Philip Alan Souza Santos* Simone Rock Kings ** SUMMARY the stagnation of science for Bacon was resulted of the method used until the moment that barred the progress of science. Therefore the same he did not leave of the experimentation, the test and the directions, but of the tradition, ideas and procedures that denied the practical explanations. The methodology of this work was documentary with reflections through the reading of the workmanship of the author. The objective was to understand the science concept and domination of the nature for Bacon, Concluded in this work that was basic the workmanships of the author cited for the scientific progress contemporary and the formation of the professor. The Bacon method demonstrated that the domain of the nature would have to serve to characterize the level of life of the humanity, making possible economic, social, cultural, ethical, social an equality in its vision of progress. Word-keys: Philosophy, Progress, Science. ABSTRACT The stagnation of science in Bacon was the result of the method used to only far, which barred the progress of science. Because it did not start experimenting, testing and senses, but the tradition of ideas and procedures that denied the practical explanations.

The methodology of this study was you document with reflections by reading the author’ s work. The aim was you understand the concept of domination of nature and science you the Bacon, basic We conclude that the work was you the author cited the contemporary scientific and to teacher training. Bacon’ s method showed that the area of nature should serves you qualify the standard of living of mankind, providing an equal economic, social, cultural, ethical, social in his vision of progress. Keywords: Philosophy, Progress, Science.