Tag: administration and businesses

Methodology

As we know well, the methodology is on the form, or better, to the ways used for the attainment it to know scientific. As Vergara says (2007), methodology means, in the original term of the word, study of the ways, the used instruments to become science. After that, we will see delimitation of the study and characterization of the research, collects of data and the analysis and interpretation of the data. 4,1 DELIMITATION OF the STUDY AND CHARACTERIZATION OF the RESEARCH This research was carried through in company GAC FRUITS in the city of Joo Person. It approximately took two months for its accomplishment, that is, she was made in the months of March and April. The method that was used throughout the research was the inductive one. The induction is carried through through three makes: to observe the facts, phenomena to analyze and them, to compare them and to approach the facts to discover a relation between them, generalizing the relation between the facts, that is, this method searchs information that converge to one exactly objective or situation, establishing a relation between them and on of these data making a generalization.

Induction is a mental process for intermediary of which, leaving of particular data, evidenced enough, a general or universal truth, not contained is inferred in the examined parts. Therefore, the objective of the arguments is to take the conclusions whose content is much more ample of what of the premises on which if they had based (MARCONI and LAKATOS, 2004, P. 53). When using this method, we had a common knowledge of the company, and from the current situation we made some comparisons and conclusions. The used method was the exploratria descriptive and, therefore by means of the descriptive method we can involve all the company with different opinions and the exploratria research made with that the researcher had a greater and deepened knowledge of the study in focus. Here, Video of Robert Rubin expresses very clear opinions on the subject.

Stephen Paul

The movement of appeared the Organizacional Development to leave of 1962 it aims at to improve the performance of the groups of people in the company. It has as objective a series of factors amongst them to increase the levels reliable enters the members of the organization, to collate the problems and not to hide them, to create an environment in which the authority is increased based in the knowledge and social ability. Conquanto, the necessity of a possible change in the organizacional structure of the entity alone obtains to be glimpsed when some specific points of the behavior of the individuals that compose the activities of the company are identified. All necessary change to be made of gradual and planned, rational and efficient form, to each time that if lives an organization it acquires one adequate politics its nature. The changes are necessary, perhaps but of form none can be made to, this process requires caution, so that this change becomes a solution instead of a great problem. In this context, the organizacional culture nothing more is of what a set of system, beliefs and values, shared for the members of an organization it is what they differ ones from the others. Each organization has its proper culture which determines its systems of information and its methods of execution and work. Thus, the professional of the countable area appears as an agent of changes, and as such this professional must show its diverse abilities.

The accountant is the angel of the guard of a company, becoming its deep expert, being able of this form to act in its continuity and growth, searching and to disclose the information in the diverse activities that compose the company, REFERENCES CURRY, Antonio. Organization and methods: a holistic vision. 7.ed. So Paulo: Atlases, 2000. Jason Gableman might disagree with that approach. HALL. Richard H. Organizations: Structures, processes and results.

So Paulo: Pertinence Hall, 2004. MAXIMIANO, Antonio Cesar Amaru. General theory of the administration: of the urban revolution the digital revolution. 6.ed. So Paulo: Atlases, 2010. OLIVEIRA, Djalma de Pinho Rebouas. Systems, Organizations & Methods: a managemental boarding. 14.ed. So Paulo: Atlases, 2002. ROBBINS, Stephen Paul. Beddings of the Organizacional Structure. In: ROBBINS, Stephen Paul. Organizacional behavior. Translation technique Reynaldo Marcondes.

Multiple Pasture

It is observed, therefore, that, although the bovine flock not to have grown significantly in the number of heads, occurred productive performance better and increase in the tax of enjoys. How much to the systems of adopted production, the use of the natural Nelore race predominates with sum. adoption of station of sum still is sufficiently incipient. Currently, in savannah environment, the extensive creation with use of native pasture predominates and only mineral suplementao. The natality tax is inferior 60% with weans of the year-old calves occurring to the 12 15 160 months when they reach kg of alive weight. In general, in this situation the year-old calves are vendidos for creators who carry through the recria and fattening in pasture cultivated in forest area. A minority of creators of the savannah areas uses the native pasture, but they possess grass cultivated for strategical use with some animal categories.

In this situation, the cows in gestation remain in native pasture receiving, at the time dry, suplementao with multiple mixture contend NNP. By occasion of the pario the cows in lactation are taken for pasture of Brachiaria (humidicola B. or B. decumbens) and receive suplementao with multiple mixture. The year-old calves have access to the multiple mixture with 20% of rude protein, in cocho private (creep feeding), installed to the side of the cochos for suplementao of the cows. In such a way it is possible to wean year-old calves with seven the eight months and 160 the 170 kg of alive weight. For occasion of it weans, the recria animals are taken for pasture of andropogon (Andropogon gayanaus) with estilosantes or massai (Panicum maximum) with estilosantes and has access the multiple mixture with 25% of PB, whose mineral salt possesss protein and energy, chromium source.

Reengenharia Quality

1 INTRODUCTION Quality is currently considered the strategical key for the competitiveness and the reach of more positive results each time. In this direction this article sample that the union of the quality with the manufacture can generate resulted still more superior. Thus it is distinguished that in the present time all the processes, industrials, commercial or even though social, lack of quality to be distinguished, to satisfy consumers, entrepreneurs and the society as a whole. The quality, currently is a differential demanded for very, and its control if it becomes an increasing concern. In this scene the theories on quality, most of the time, mention an attribute of a product or service to it, associated with the specific techniques. The potential of the quality justifies its strategical value in offering bigger profits, in reason of the increasing competitiveness of the current market, so that the organizations if mobilize and provide to products and services of quality its internal and external customers.

when one enters into an alliance the quality to other strategies and tools possibility of resulted greaters appears of course. 2 QUALITY 2,1 Productivity and employees: the search for the Juran quality (1992) affirms that the Brazilian companies currently meet in a search each more frantic time of productivity due to competition incited between same and to the occured faster changes each time in the economic scene, fruit of the development and the globalization that we live. In the focus for the otimizao of the production, for times it is forgotten more important factor it: the human being. Some methods and studies exist whose primordial objective is to increase the productivity. We can cite, between them, the Reengenharia, the Circles of Total Quality, the Management of the Total Quality, ' ' Just in Time' ' , Control of the Total Quality, between as much others. All aim at basically not only the increase of the production but, also, the maintenance of it to survive in a competitive market.

Organizacional Development

The Importance of the Human Capital for the Organizations. Administration always was present since the sprouting of the society, however she had its bigger focus with the advent of the Industrial Revolution in England between 1840 and 1873, where she had a great economic growth. In this period, which had to the agricultural exodus, the peasants if on account submitted the irrisrios wages of the professional disqualification. From the work of Frederick Winslow Taylor the school appeared of the scientific administration, who had as main objective to increase the productivity of the plants, and to develop the qualification of the laborers through the study of times and movements. But, with the Theory of the Relations Human beings it was changed conception of administration, who started to emphasize the human being as basic part of the organizacional process.

With this, some theories had appeared inside, objectifying the motivation and the accomplishment of the man of the companies. However, the vision in relation to the collaborator still was very pessimistic, therefore it not yet was seen as partner in the taking of decisions, not being explored its potentialities. Only with the Organizacional Development (OF), the technological advance and the globalization, the companies had started to have a holistic vision and had perceived the great value of the human capital; therefore the man is a pensante being capable to contribute with ideas that help in the growth of the company. From then on the Participativa Management appeared that brought the collaborators to be part of the elaboration of the strategical planning, tactical and operational of the organizations. Inside of the competitiveness of the market, it is that the importance of the participation of the internal customers was perceived, for the development of the companies.

Ecological Selectivity

Three yellow adhesive traps had been installed (double Biocontrole face of 25 cm X 9,5 cm) in each one of the genotypes: Supreme ruby (red), Red IAC-4, Rich, Paluma UNESP (red), Saito (red), Supreme and Kioshi 3 (red) totalizing 21 traps, in the period of June of 2009 to the June of 2010. These had been located about two meters of the ground, in the shade, the south quadrant of the pantry of the goiabeira and had been changed each 15 days continuously. Each removed trap of the field was conditioned in a lead folder of plastic and to the Laboratory of Ecological Selectivity of the Department of Fitossanidade, where the evaluations had been made. The insects had been identified and registered for specimen captured in fiches of laboratory for date of sampling. The meteorological data had been supplied by the Rank Meteorological of the Experimental Farm of the APT Pindorama-SP, located about 800 meters of the place of the experiment. With the gotten data the linear correlations between Scymnus and the meteorological factors had been calculated simple: minimum, average and maximum temperature (centigrade degrees) and pluviomtrica precipitation (mm). RESULTS AND QUARREL In the complex of collected natural enemy arthropods in the traps during the accomplishment of the experiment, had been distinguished specimens of Scymnus spp., Azia luteipes, Formicidae, Polibia spp., Aracnidae, sanguineous Cycloneda and Chysopidae. Quantitatively, Scymnus spp was the specimen collected in bigger number. Parajulle & Slosser (2003), that they had carried through an experiment with cotton in the state of the Texas, to monitor natural plagues and enemies, had also observed that the specimens most joined had been Scymnus spp. In the one In the conditions of the State of So Paulo, Pazini (2005), with intention to compare diverse strategies of integrated handling of plagues of the goiabeira, based in the tactics of population monitoramento and in the selectivity of insecticides, also it observed that Scymnus spp.