Jacques Verger

Previously to century XIII, the reduction in the number of laicas schools meant the increase of the control of the church Catholic on education, what it culminated in a series of measures as, for example, the decree of the obligatoriness of titular bishops to organize schools and the formation of pedagogical systems that firmly was come back breaks the applicability of the faith, following standards of clericais statutes. Without forgetting the public white, that was young clergymen and children of the aristocratic elite. No longer century XIII, with the institutionalization of the universities, happens a deep reformularization of the education and club of Superior Facultieses as of Canon law, Medicine, Arts and Theology. The performance of the masters was conducted through support, as exemptions judicial and inspectors and privileges of kings, bishops and of the Pope in exchange for allegiance to the education system catholic. From 1250 middle, the universality and autonomy of universities had yielded space to the personal actions of each principality, that if also interested for forming jurists to act in its administrative services, what it can be defined as a university integration to the new order politics of the Decrease Average Age. This regional submission to the power of the king meant a decline of the universality and autonomy of the universities. Thus, these institutions had started to exert definitive paper politician, not leaving to take care of to the demand of the church catholic and, in discrete way, to the new aspirations them cities in expansion. As exmio medievalista contemporary, Jacques Verger if approaches to a deep analysis in few pages and strict places questions necessary to understand as the components of formation of the universities if they had interposed in way profcua in walked its since its origins. Also it makes a fast introduction, placing excellent points of the antecedents of the universities, the first formed facultieses and detaches pioneirismo of two great universities of the period: of Paris in the France and of Bologna in Italy.