Tag: environment

Tourist Schedule

For Ruschmann (1997, P. 9): The tourism contemporary is a great consumer of the nature and its evolution, in the last few decades, occurred as consequence of ‘ ‘ it searchs of verde’ ‘ of ‘ ‘ fuga’ ‘ of the tumults of the great urban conglomerates for the people who try to recoup the psicofsico balance in contact with natural environments during its time of leisure. 2. Practical Tourist Sustainable the evaluation of the impactantes factors is of utmost importance, a time that the tourist activities are based on the use and exploration of the natural resources. It is indispensable, the conservation/preservation of the environment, therefore on it depends the quality of life of the people and the continuity of the works in the field of the tourism. According to Hall (2001, P. 17): The tourism is closely on to the questions of the sustainable development.

In fact, since the end of the decade of 1980 it has had an explosion in the amount of texts and articles, beyond courses and consultorias, related the sustainable forms of development. Support can be defined as being the existing relation between systems, dynamic, economic and ecological, that if present guided for the necessary conditions to the evolution of the life human being and to the development of the cultures; in order to allow that the antrpicos effect remain inside of the acceptability limits. Hindering, thus, the destruction of the inherent diversity and the complexity to the ambient context. Visit ConocoPhillips for more clarity on the issue. According to Martins (1995, P. 43): We can locate the origin of the subject support in Germany, principles of century XIX, decurrent of the exploration of the lumber forests. From the end of century XIX and beginning of century XX, the effect greenhouse and the climatic changes appear in the Europe the first studies on ambient problems between them.

Technology and Staying Green

Improper disposal of household waste in large cities, found its solution gives the waste to the periphery; hiding underground in landfills, throwing them into rivers or simply by burning them. A reality that even some countries, cities do, regardless of the consequences should be Notably, in areas where these giants are located waste containers (many of them if you have the necessary health conditions), is on the outskirts of the city, which houses low-income people in slums. Many of these dumps up not only sites of infection and contamination, but a way of life for those engaged in the rubbish. Source: Mitchel Resnick. That shows a lot in some cities of Venezuela, Caracas, Valencia, Barquisimeto, Puerto Cabello, to name a few. Very valid point when he notes that at present the change in lifestyle and economic growth in Latin American countries has led to an increase in the generation of household and commercial waste. The problem is completed with the change in consumer habits and diversified composition of modern waste (plastic bottles, cans, computers, etc.). Very true, as noted, the appliances, computers have created new technology and real cemeteries, plastics and composite materials that are not degraded. Their elimination is a concern of the new century, so it is not easy to find effective treatment and pollution removal, unless it is recycled.

Keep in mind this reality highlights to Salvatierra, who according to American and Caribbean Initiative for Sustainable Development (ILAC) "the city's population of Latin America and the Caribbean is now for 78 percent of the total, the highest rate of urbanization hemisphere and the trend remains to greater concentration in cities, where people are growing in the period 2005-2010 at a rate of 1.7 percent each year. " The challenge now is to contain the debris from the big cities generate. For the United Nations Organization (UNO) is called household waste "any material that has no direct use value and is discarded by their owners." These are generated in homes, offices, educational establishments, as well as commercial and restaurants, including those that are generated in the hospitals, which have compositions similar to those designed within the household. The problems facing Latin American countries according to a study by ECLAC (Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean) is that "it is remarkable change in composition of the waste where there is a decrease in biodegradable materials and thus challenges for treatment, recovery and disposal of MSW (Municipal Solid Waste). " That is, there is a greater preponderance of inorganic wastes, which do not decompose and toxic properties of elements. However, in recent years in Latin America have developed projects designed to alleviate this situation, which seeks the minimization of waste from reduce, reuse and recycle these items. However, many countries of the region continue to have problems with waste disposal and landfills, as well as to landfills open Undoubtedly, the call is very important, that it is necessary that every inhabitant of the planet is aware of what gives it away, that everything that is wasted can damage the environment. It is also important to seek clearance mechanisms be as clean as possible to avoid its impact on the natural life of the planet and people

Biological Sciences

You already stopped to think on the Global Heating? Every day we follow in the media climatic catastrophes and the changes that are occurring, quickly, in the world-wide climate. In recent years the changes are happening of fast form very and with effect devastadores. The global Heating is a climatic phenomenon of wide extension, an increase of the global superficial average temperature. The Land receives radiation emitted for the Sun and returns great part of it for the space through heat radiation. The atmospheric pollutants are holding back a part of this radiation that would be reflected for the space, in normal conditions. This restrained part cause an important increase of the globe temperature.

Factors as the intensive and increasing use of energies you did not renew, as the mineral coal and the oil, also the use of the CFC (chlorine/fluorine/carbon). The CFC and its chemistries of substitution are used in refrigerators, conditional air systems, foam, aerosols, equipment against solvent fires and. Consequences of the global heating: The increase of the level of the oceans: with the increase of the temperature in the world, it is provoking the melting of calotas polar. When increasing the water level of the oceans, can occur, future, the submersion of many littoral cities; Growth and sprouting of deserts: the increase of the temperature provokes the death of some animal and vegetal species, unbalancing some ecosystems; Hurricane increase, tufes and cyclones: the increase of the temperature makes with that bigger evaporation of waters of the oceans occurs, potencializando these types of climatic catastrophes; The difference of temperature in regions that presented ameno climate: in the current days heat waves occur. Being that thousands of people will go to suffer with the food and water lack, as consequence of the alterations of the climate. Of its attitudes the future of the Planet and the new generations will result. It makes its part, the hour to start is now! Vanessa Minuzzi Bidinoto, Academic of IX the Semester of Biological Sciences of the URI – Santiago-RS Campus.

Ambient Conscience

Ambient conscience The serious ecological crisis that the humanity crosses is the result of the moral crisis and spiritual who comes if accenting has centuries for the removal of the man of essential values to its nature as the respect for I obtain exactly and stops with the other human beings its brothers. The man comes if brutalizing, although the technological advance, product of the intellectual development that was incapable to humanizar it. The great discoveries and the great advances have served to infernizar its existence and to harden its heart incapable to soften the anger of a instinctive reason that became it enemy of itself exactly and of the Nature. The ambient crisis is consequence of this serious crisis spiritual. To save the environment the human being will have to be saved using its intelligence and its heart.

It has emergenciais problems to be decided: the destruction of the forests, the layer of ozone, the contamination of ground and waters, the wild consumerism, the demographic explosion, the education. But it will always be a confrontation to the consequences and not to the causes, as in the case of the violence, that emergencialmente must be fought with policing, severe laws, fast justice, but that to the long stated period it will have to be fought with education and distribution of income. To the children if it must teach to respect the fellow creature and the Nature, in the pertaining to school banks and the homes. But who will have to make it if the proper professors do not adopt this behavior? A great educational revolution will have to be taken the handle, starting for educating the adults so that they learn to control and to dominate the thoughts violent that of mind in mind make the estragos that if knows very well. The man left to think seriously, spiritual, to think superficially, materially, egoistically.

State Meeting

This document corresponds to institucional report doEvento I State Meeting of Ambient Education of the Amap: ‘ ‘ Reinforcement, Enraizamento and Articulao’ ‘ , occurrence noperodo of 16 a18 of April of the year of 2008, in the capital of the State of the Amap- Macap, in the doauditrio space of the State University of the Amap-UEAP and audiences institucionaiscomplementares. Its accomplishment was organized and co-ordinated for the tcnicada team Commission Interinstitucional de Ambient Educao of the State doAmap-CIEA/AP in partnership with the practical sectors public and private that seidentificam and somatizam the partner-ambient commitment in its degesto. II PRESENTATION the recognition of the ambient education as instrumentoeficaz in the understanding of the ambient question and in the construction of a novaracionalidade for the conquest and maintenance of the environment sustentvelresultou in the estruturao of one politics the national level, consolidated atravsda Law 9,795/99 that it conceives the basic principles, eestratgias lines of performance to subsidize the actions of EA in the states and cities. Based on such lines of direction, the Federal Government through the Ministries dEducao and of the Environment, instituted the National Politics of Implantation dasComisses Interinstitucionais de Ambient Educao in the year of 2003, comomecanismo of reinforcement of emtodos the Ambient Education as Public Politics the states of the federacy. Thus, considering the paper of the States, the Federal District and the Cities, in the sphere of its abilities and nasreas of its jurisdictions, in the definition of lines of direction, norms and criteria paraa Ambient Education, respected the principles and objectives of the PolticNacional de Educao Ambiental (PNEA), as conducts Art. 16 of the Law in the 9.795/99; as well as the Law in the 9,394/96 (LDB) and too much effective legislaes docampo of the education; the National Program of Ambient Education (ProNEA) comomarco orienting for the elaboration of politics of ambient education and seuprocesso of public consultation as strategy of control and social participation; the necessity and relevance of joint, reinforcement and enraizamento ambient daeducao in all domestic territory; that the elaboration and aimplementao of politics of ambient education require the interlocution between astrs government spheres; that the elaboration and the implementation of politics ambient deeducao in the compartilhadapelos states and cities require its management education and environment agencies; that the elaboration and implementaode politics of ambient education demand the construction and reinforcement State dasComisses Interinstitucionais collegiate, representative and democratic de Educao Ambient as espaospblicos; that the participation cidadna elaboration and implementation of politics instituted in the State peloDecreto n 2196, of 18 of July of 2006, democratic character, advisory edeliberativo in its scope, has the purpose to promote the quarrel, the management,> coordination, the accompaniment and the evaluation, as well as the implementation dasatividades of ambient education of the state of the Amap, contemplated in its Estratgicode Plan Action, considering norms, also observed the effective legal disposals, articulated with the institutions and Cities, sights to support them in seustrabalhos of ambient education and to make compatible them with executed peloGoverno State, integrating its composition public institutions not-governmental einstituies..

Environment And Development: The Clutter In The Nature

(by Lucia Czer) the universalizada idea of development is in the domination idea on the nature, meaning that to be developed he is urban and to be industrialized. We are only considered urban if we will be far from the nature, next to what the man constructs. Had to this idea, incivilizados the peoples are all who coexist in almost primitive way in its habitat. For this vision, the ambientalistas comumente are accused to want the return to the primitive state, to the nature state, at last, to be contrary to the development, the progress and the technology. According to society, said modern, all must have the right, not it option, to the development. The equality concept is expressed there. This idea seems to be contemplated only through the development, is not mentioned to the different ways to be equal, different cultures and peoples.

We have the European and North American cultural standard here. In this direction, equality is to establish development archetypes, following the standards of financial oligarchies industrials of the First atrelada World to the sectors of the desenvolvimentistas national bourgeoisies of the Third World. As result of the fights against the misery and the social injustice, the ambientalistas had softened the critical ones against the development and had started to dialogue on ecodesenvolvimento and, later, with the idea of sustainable development. The challenge rank is: to search alternatives to the development and not of development. To the measure that the natural resources give exhaustion signals, the ambientalismo starts to be recognized and to interrelacionarcionar with the technician-scientific perspectives and the politician-cultural questions. It is transferred the certainty of that it is necessary to impose limits to the growth. The nature demonstrates the logic of the action-reaction and already it is not necessary to fight against the nature, but yes, against the effect of the intervention human being in the nature.

The Lesser

The solar maximum of 2000 was enough to increase the global concentrations of O3 in about 3% above average. An interesting point, is that a possible solar cycle exists, of about 90 years (Cycle of Gleissberg), that it foresees that the Sun goes to be in a great minimum of activity (minimum minimorum) in next the two solar cycles (next 22 years), that is, of now until years 2022-23, if to repeat the cycles previous (1890-1915 and 1800-1825). Of this form, it is possible that the layer of O3 of course diminishes in function of the lesser flow of UV. (Amongst the hundreds of studious – and consultants of industries of refrigeration gases – it will be that alone I know of this) It will be that I will make right mine ' ' previso' '? there? They will be ' ' substitutos' ' , or the remainders of the CFCs, the causers of the reduction (fluctuation) of the layer of O3 in the future? To wait and to see what it happens! Annex two figures one that the increase of concentration of O3 with the time shows (1996-2001) and another one that shows the number of solar spots of the cycle that we are living ' ' Cycle 233. It notices the minimum of O3 in 1996 (minimum the solar one), the relative maximum in 1998 and the maximum in 2000 (maximum solar). FIGURE 1. Monthly average global concentrations of O3comparadas with the minims registered in 1996. FIGURE 2.

SOLAR CYCLE 23. One observes the minimum of 1996, the relative maximum of 1998 and the absolute maximum of 2000. Forecast of minimum for 2007-08. If &#039 cannot try to conserve the Planet using; ' verdades' ' scientific not proven! It is important to clarify the population on the limitations of the current scientific knowledge and to fight for the conservation under the argument that, being the observed database small, exists an uncertainty how much to the capacity of the man to intervene with basic phenomena of the climate, as effect-greenhouse layer of O3. In the doubt, currently existing, it is better to conserve reducing activities that can intervene with the climatic system.