Tag: environment

Biological Sciences

You already stopped to think on the Global Heating? Every day we follow in the media climatic catastrophes and the changes that are occurring, quickly, in the world-wide climate. In recent years the changes are happening of fast form very and with effect devastadores. The global Heating is a climatic phenomenon of wide extension, an increase of the global superficial average temperature. The Land receives radiation emitted for the Sun and returns great part of it for the space through heat radiation. The atmospheric pollutants are holding back a part of this radiation that would be reflected for the space, in normal conditions. This restrained part cause an important increase of the globe temperature.

Factors as the intensive and increasing use of energies you did not renew, as the mineral coal and the oil, also the use of the CFC (chlorine/fluorine/carbon). The CFC and its chemistries of substitution are used in refrigerators, conditional air systems, foam, aerosols, equipment against solvent fires and. Consequences of the global heating: The increase of the level of the oceans: with the increase of the temperature in the world, it is provoking the melting of calotas polar. When increasing the water level of the oceans, can occur, future, the submersion of many littoral cities; Growth and sprouting of deserts: the increase of the temperature provokes the death of some animal and vegetal species, unbalancing some ecosystems; Hurricane increase, tufes and cyclones: the increase of the temperature makes with that bigger evaporation of waters of the oceans occurs, potencializando these types of climatic catastrophes; The difference of temperature in regions that presented ameno climate: in the current days heat waves occur. Being that thousands of people will go to suffer with the food and water lack, as consequence of the alterations of the climate. Of its attitudes the future of the Planet and the new generations will result. It makes its part, the hour to start is now! Vanessa Minuzzi Bidinoto, Academic of IX the Semester of Biological Sciences of the URI – Santiago-RS Campus.

Ambient Conscience

Ambient conscience The serious ecological crisis that the humanity crosses is the result of the moral crisis and spiritual who comes if accenting has centuries for the removal of the man of essential values to its nature as the respect for I obtain exactly and stops with the other human beings its brothers. The man comes if brutalizing, although the technological advance, product of the intellectual development that was incapable to humanizar it. The great discoveries and the great advances have served to infernizar its existence and to harden its heart incapable to soften the anger of a instinctive reason that became it enemy of itself exactly and of the Nature. The ambient crisis is consequence of this serious crisis spiritual. To save the environment the human being will have to be saved using its intelligence and its heart.

It has emergenciais problems to be decided: the destruction of the forests, the layer of ozone, the contamination of ground and waters, the wild consumerism, the demographic explosion, the education. But it will always be a confrontation to the consequences and not to the causes, as in the case of the violence, that emergencialmente must be fought with policing, severe laws, fast justice, but that to the long stated period it will have to be fought with education and distribution of income. To the children if it must teach to respect the fellow creature and the Nature, in the pertaining to school banks and the homes. But who will have to make it if the proper professors do not adopt this behavior? A great educational revolution will have to be taken the handle, starting for educating the adults so that they learn to control and to dominate the thoughts violent that of mind in mind make the estragos that if knows very well. The man left to think seriously, spiritual, to think superficially, materially, egoistically.

State Meeting

This document corresponds to institucional report doEvento I State Meeting of Ambient Education of the Amap: ‘ ‘ Reinforcement, Enraizamento and Articulao’ ‘ , occurrence noperodo of 16 a18 of April of the year of 2008, in the capital of the State of the Amap- Macap, in the doauditrio space of the State University of the Amap-UEAP and audiences institucionaiscomplementares. Its accomplishment was organized and co-ordinated for the tcnicada team Commission Interinstitucional de Ambient Educao of the State doAmap-CIEA/AP in partnership with the practical sectors public and private that seidentificam and somatizam the partner-ambient commitment in its degesto. II PRESENTATION the recognition of the ambient education as instrumentoeficaz in the understanding of the ambient question and in the construction of a novaracionalidade for the conquest and maintenance of the environment sustentvelresultou in the estruturao of one politics the national level, consolidated atravsda Law 9,795/99 that it conceives the basic principles, eestratgias lines of performance to subsidize the actions of EA in the states and cities. Based on such lines of direction, the Federal Government through the Ministries dEducao and of the Environment, instituted the National Politics of Implantation dasComisses Interinstitucionais de Ambient Educao in the year of 2003, comomecanismo of reinforcement of emtodos the Ambient Education as Public Politics the states of the federacy. Thus, considering the paper of the States, the Federal District and the Cities, in the sphere of its abilities and nasreas of its jurisdictions, in the definition of lines of direction, norms and criteria paraa Ambient Education, respected the principles and objectives of the PolticNacional de Educao Ambiental (PNEA), as conducts Art. 16 of the Law in the 9.795/99; as well as the Law in the 9,394/96 (LDB) and too much effective legislaes docampo of the education; the National Program of Ambient Education (ProNEA) comomarco orienting for the elaboration of politics of ambient education and seuprocesso of public consultation as strategy of control and social participation; the necessity and relevance of joint, reinforcement and enraizamento ambient daeducao in all domestic territory; that the elaboration and aimplementao of politics of ambient education require the interlocution between astrs government spheres; that the elaboration and the implementation of politics ambient deeducao in the compartilhadapelos states and cities require its management education and environment agencies; that the elaboration and implementaode politics of ambient education demand the construction and reinforcement State dasComisses Interinstitucionais collegiate, representative and democratic de Educao Ambient as espaospblicos; that the participation cidadna elaboration and implementation of politics instituted in the State peloDecreto n 2196, of 18 of July of 2006, democratic character, advisory edeliberativo in its scope, has the purpose to promote the quarrel, the management,> coordination, the accompaniment and the evaluation, as well as the implementation dasatividades of ambient education of the state of the Amap, contemplated in its Estratgicode Plan Action, considering norms, also observed the effective legal disposals, articulated with the institutions and Cities, sights to support them in seustrabalhos of ambient education and to make compatible them with executed peloGoverno State, integrating its composition public institutions not-governmental einstituies..

The Lesser

The solar maximum of 2000 was enough to increase the global concentrations of O3 in about 3% above average. An interesting point, is that a possible solar cycle exists, of about 90 years (Cycle of Gleissberg), that it foresees that the Sun goes to be in a great minimum of activity (minimum minimorum) in next the two solar cycles (next 22 years), that is, of now until years 2022-23, if to repeat the cycles previous (1890-1915 and 1800-1825). Of this form, it is possible that the layer of O3 of course diminishes in function of the lesser flow of UV. (Amongst the hundreds of studious – and consultants of industries of refrigeration gases – it will be that alone I know of this) It will be that I will make right mine ' ' previso' '? there? They will be ' ' substitutos' ' , or the remainders of the CFCs, the causers of the reduction (fluctuation) of the layer of O3 in the future? To wait and to see what it happens! Annex two figures one that the increase of concentration of O3 with the time shows (1996-2001) and another one that shows the number of solar spots of the cycle that we are living ' ' Cycle 233. It notices the minimum of O3 in 1996 (minimum the solar one), the relative maximum in 1998 and the maximum in 2000 (maximum solar). FIGURE 1. Monthly average global concentrations of O3comparadas with the minims registered in 1996. FIGURE 2.

SOLAR CYCLE 23. One observes the minimum of 1996, the relative maximum of 1998 and the absolute maximum of 2000. Forecast of minimum for 2007-08. If &#039 cannot try to conserve the Planet using; ' verdades' ' scientific not proven! It is important to clarify the population on the limitations of the current scientific knowledge and to fight for the conservation under the argument that, being the observed database small, exists an uncertainty how much to the capacity of the man to intervene with basic phenomena of the climate, as effect-greenhouse layer of O3. In the doubt, currently existing, it is better to conserve reducing activities that can intervene with the climatic system.