Consider the basic and most popular programming languages. Ada – high level programming language that focuses on the use of real-time systems and designed to automate management tasks processes and / or devices, such as on-board (ships, aircraft, etc.) computers. Initiated by the U.S. Department of Defense in 1980. Named after the English mathematician Ada Augusta Byron (Lovelace), who lived in the years 1815-1851. Algol – high level programming language that focuses on the description of algorithms for solving computational problems. Was created in 1958 by specialists of Western European countries for research. Version of Algol-60 was adopted by the International Conference in Paris (1960) and is widely used on computers 2 nd generation.
Version of Algol-68, developed by a team of the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) in 1968, received the status of international programming language based solution not only computing, but also information problems. While there is currently Algol is almost never used, he served as the basis or had significant impact on the development of more modern languages such as Ada, Pascal, etc. basic (Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) Born in the 60 years in America. basic was designed as a simple language for rapid development. basic has become the de facto standard for Microcomputer precisely because of its simplicity, both in development and in implementation. But to achieve this quality of a number of decisions (no typing, the rows and unstructured goto, etc.) that affect the style of learning programming. In addition, the lack of means of expression led to a huge number of dialects that are not compatible with each other.