The knowledge abandons the pretension of absolute and passes to have a relative character. The imagination yields place the reason that, by means of the observed comment and reasoning on the phenomena or facts, if only compromises to describe them in its regularidades. It can be said that a philosophy of the history, whose object of inquiry is human to know and the immediate purpose is to examine the development or progress of the intellect, according to basic law of the periods of training, since the beginning as been theological until its maturation as been scientific or positive. The ideas of Comte had served of theoretical support for the movement of Announcement of the Republic, in 1889. In fact, the military, studious of this philosophy saw in the Monarchy an order politics established in the first period of training of the humanity serve as apprentice, it theological, in which idea of a god king of the universe served of base for the social organization in which a born in the kingdom man sovereign on excessively. Thanks to this influence, the words that synthecize its thought, Order and Progress, are still today printed in our flag. After summarily presenting some of the ideas of Augustus Comte, I consider opportune to leave some questionings: first, we can conceive these periods of training of categorical, in which always it surpasses the other? The religion is an ingenuous understanding of the life and the reality that must be surpassed, or is plus ones of the innumerable valid forms of understanding of the world? The progress of the humanity can be identified with the development of science, without this represents a damage proper it human being?