Improper disposal of household waste in large cities, found its solution gives the waste to the periphery; hiding underground in landfills, throwing them into rivers or simply by burning them. A reality that even some countries, cities do, regardless of the consequences should be Notably, in areas where these giants are located waste containers (many of them if you have the necessary health conditions), is on the outskirts of the city, which houses low-income people in slums. Many of these dumps up not only sites of infection and contamination, but a way of life for those engaged in the rubbish. Source: Mitchel Resnick. That shows a lot in some cities of Venezuela, Caracas, Valencia, Barquisimeto, Puerto Cabello, to name a few. Very valid point when he notes that at present the change in lifestyle and economic growth in Latin American countries has led to an increase in the generation of household and commercial waste. The problem is completed with the change in consumer habits and diversified composition of modern waste (plastic bottles, cans, computers, etc.). Very true, as noted, the appliances, computers have created new technology and real cemeteries, plastics and composite materials that are not degraded. Their elimination is a concern of the new century, so it is not easy to find effective treatment and pollution removal, unless it is recycled.
Keep in mind this reality highlights to Salvatierra, who according to American and Caribbean Initiative for Sustainable Development (ILAC) "the city's population of Latin America and the Caribbean is now for 78 percent of the total, the highest rate of urbanization hemisphere and the trend remains to greater concentration in cities, where people are growing in the period 2005-2010 at a rate of 1.7 percent each year. " The challenge now is to contain the debris from the big cities generate. For the United Nations Organization (UNO) is called household waste "any material that has no direct use value and is discarded by their owners." These are generated in homes, offices, educational establishments, as well as commercial and restaurants, including those that are generated in the hospitals, which have compositions similar to those designed within the household. The problems facing Latin American countries according to a study by ECLAC (Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean) is that "it is remarkable change in composition of the waste where there is a decrease in biodegradable materials and thus challenges for treatment, recovery and disposal of MSW (Municipal Solid Waste). " That is, there is a greater preponderance of inorganic wastes, which do not decompose and toxic properties of elements. However, in recent years in Latin America have developed projects designed to alleviate this situation, which seeks the minimization of waste from reduce, reuse and recycle these items. However, many countries of the region continue to have problems with waste disposal and landfills, as well as to landfills open Undoubtedly, the call is very important, that it is necessary that every inhabitant of the planet is aware of what gives it away, that everything that is wasted can damage the environment. It is also important to seek clearance mechanisms be as clean as possible to avoid its impact on the natural life of the planet and people