Methods of Research, Science is based on the specific facts and a set of used research methods. The system of scientific research methods include, methods used not only in science but also in other disciplines. Collected facts, are compared and conclusions are established by law. Methods of preparing these facts are called methods of scientific investigation. The theoretical methods of scientific inquiry Theory is a system of concepts and principles of law, which allows to describe and explain a certain group of phenomena.
Facts and theories do not contradict each other, but form a coherent whole. The difference between the two is that the facts express something singular, a theory has to do with the general. The facts and theories can be divided into three levels: Event, psychological, and linguistic. These levels of unity can be represented as follows: Linguistic level, the theory of universal statements relate to the facts of individual expression. Psychological level: The idea (m) and emotions (p). Event level – total individual events (T) and single event (p) theory is generally constructed in such a way that does not describe the reality around, and ideal objects, such as a material point, ideal gas, black body, etc. This scientific concept is an idealization.
Idealization a mentally constructed the notion of such objects, processes and phenomena that do not seem to exist, but are images or preimages. For example, a prototype of a point may be a small body. Ideal objects, as opposed to real, are characterized not infinite, but in a certain number of properties.