Tag: construction of life

Silica Brick

The first production of silica brick was founded in the late XIX century in Germany. In Russia, the first factories were running at the beginning of the XX century. Over the years, improved quality and quantity for the production of calcium silicate bricks , Thanks to scientists working in the production of binders and building materials. Silicate brick – an environmentally friendly building material. Its component parts: lime, sand, water. He is very widely used in developed countries due to its characteristics: stability, accuracy in the geometric dimensions, aesthetic appearance, a small cost and ease of use.

Manufacturing technology of silicate Brick is as follows: lime-sand mixture, consisting of burnt lime, silica sand and water, is placed in an autoclave (an apparatus for processing products with steam under high pressure), where under the influence and pressure temperature forms a silicate compound. It is now widely used by different dyes, which give a wide range of brick colors and shades, as well as the addition of modifiers, which give the silicate brick increased strength, frost and other species number is very large brick – brick is made even yellow, blue and pink. Closed Joint-Stock Company "VKSM" (formerly "VZSK") was founded in 1955. For his half-century of existence has become a leader in building materials. At this time, the company produces silicate bricks and stones. These materials are made Pressed wet mixture, consisting of natural sand and lime, followed by curing in an autoclave (termovlazhnostnaya treatment under saturated vapor pressure).

Calcium silicate bricks and stones used for masonry bearing walls, facing them, and wall coverings made of other materials, as well as for reconstruction of residential and public buildings. Building bricks are made with through hollow (perforated) or non-through (pyatistenny) cavities located perpendicular to their beds. Single brick has a size or 250x120h65 250h120x88 mm, and the Bastard – 250x120x103 mm. Volumetric weight (gross) hollow brick is divided into two classes: B – with density 1300 kg / m, B – with density 1300 – 1450 kg / cu.m. Y pyatistennogo brick surround gross weight must not exceed 1500 kg / cu.m. Water absorption brick not less than 6% (by weight), and frost for at least 15 cycles. In laying out pyatistennogo brick is formed of vertical holes, and the existing closed cavities improve the thermal insulation properties of masonry. Perforated brick and pyatistenny used along with ordinary. Do not use perforated brick masonry foundations and underground Parts of the walls, stoves and flues. Bricks are used for masonry low-rise buildings, the upper floors of tall buildings. You may not use the brick masonry foundations, bases below waterproofing layer, furnaces and flues. The relatively low weight and reduced thermal conductivity of bricks can facilitate weight of the structure as possible to reduce the thickness of the walls and the number of bricks in masonry. silicate brick

Michael Company

What is the plus? In addition, the company offers metal doors in St. For even more details, read what Lever Brothers says on the issue. Petersburg, the company is still Abis and the largest supplier of locks and accessories in particular on production. Just Abis company has years of experience in the security of premises and sales experience their own doors design and production. Abis company during the existence of several competing designs developed metal doors. The company strongly Abis protect consumers from unsafe decisions.

The interior doors No Chinese sentences and never will be. Have a wide range of locks leading manufacturers. Metal doors are selected for implementation in the strictest manner, our specialists review all parameters and the smallest details of the design represented in the sale of doors. If the cabin door offering to perform door to order, can be confident you will be working a reliable producer, meticulously observant All the highest standards. High expertise of the company in Abis security locks and accessories allows us to provide you with the most comprehensive information at the time when you're painfully pick metal doors. Thorough knowledge of opening doors, a deep knowledge of structures and methods of entry will allow you to select the optimum design in price / quality ratio. Once you get in the door of Abis, you confidently say that the metal doors in St. Petersburg – the most reliable door to Russia, and interior doors of Abis provides confidence in the safety of the home and sells the most robust metal doors in St. Petersburg. Years of experience enables the company to make such statements Abis confidently and without any doubt. The master acts as a guarantee that Michael and his team of professionals and the most proven reliable partners – manufacturers of metal doors.

Wooden Doors

Wooden doors were first and foremost a security system at home, but with the advent of new technologies have a question: Can we all just like before, trust wooden doors? Burglaries, vandalism, and constant changes of weather conditions, constantly threaten the status of the wooden doors, and yet the competition is great: metal, plastic and glass are trying to supplant wooden doors of the items. But is it really so bad wood doors in our time? Wood Doors: new technologies is necessary to recognize that technology is also moving production of doors, to expand and modernize. Important changes to undergo all parts of the wooden doors. Box of wooden doors. Now a box wooden doors are installed on napenivatele.

Such a framework for wooden doors and secure and more stable. The very same design has changed little, but when necessary (for example: installation of wooden doors from a file) it strengthen or bought from the especially strong tree. Cloth wooden door. Now become very popular massive wooden doors. The new technology they are obtained by gluing ideal and fit into any interior. The canvas of wooden doors extremely strong and the reliability is not inferior to steel doors.

However, other types of wooden doors markedly improved their quality in recent years. For example, wood doors from MDF now use technology that not only reinforce the fabric wooden door, without weighing it, but to protect from moisture and other potential trouble. Fittings wooden door. The use of "smart" and will no doubt more secure locks and security systems in the wooden door provides protection against burglary is not less than the metal door.

Construction Country House

At the heart of cottage construction start is the human desire for comfort, tranquility, comfort, environmental friendliness. People have always tried, if not to settle in the ecologically clean areas, or at least leave the city in weekends and during holidays to relax the soul from the bustle and everyday problems. The first step after selecting the geographical location of the future of the cottage, it is necessary to make the project frame panel house. It can be found in specialized glossy magazines, you can make a sketch of an independent and seek adjustments in the design office, and you can fully trust the professionals who are ready to offer options for different layouts. For more specific information, check out Eliot Horowitz. In order to save yourself, you can look for construction crews at various stages of construction. A possible construction of houses completed, that is including all the interior trim. In this case, but the architect may require design services.

But then again, everything is individual and depends on your wishes. Classic interior, without any frills, give you time to settle in a new place to get up after large expenditures on the construction itself, to make sure whether these homes do not shrink, and in the future with fresh eyes and forces to take up improvement of the interior. Warming houses will help reduce cost of its operation by reducing heat loss. Warming of the roof is better to think styrofoam under construction, because it is usually placed inside the building shell. Expanded polystyrene has the advantage to other types of insulation due to higher technical and operational parameters. The main thing is to have a great desire to begin construction of the countryside, the execution is to go step by step, solving problems as they arrive. A rational approach and enthusiasm quickly bring you closer to fulfillment of your dreams. Construction time frame houses much shorter period of construction of houses of another type, so you will not threaten long-term construction.

Composition

Critical components of any color are pigments. The paint is often perceived by the person as a mixture of pigments and binders – linseed oil, emulsion, latex. Rarely thinks about how he created or different color. And it's useful to know, because the elements that make up the color may different ways to behave in certain conditions. For example, some pigments from the effects of temperature change color. Mixing Pigments in certain proportions, can produce different colors, shades and properties of paint. Pigments are natural and synthetic. Natural – a natural material consisting of minerals.

Ingoda they are subjected to temperature processing. But artificial materials generally have a more vivid, well-defined color. The main property of the pigments, which must take into account when creating a paint, a coloring power. It determines how a particular color of paint you need to transfer color when mixed with white pigment. By natural pigments include: graphite, chalk, ocher, sienna, umber. Chalk – a common mineral, often used in waterborne, alkyd, oil paints. Also, the white pigments include lime. Black pigments – graphite, charcoal, manganese peroxide.

Natural yellow pigment formed from the ocher. And the colors can vary (from barely noticeable lemon to orange), depending on heat treatment. To get brown paint used umber, burnt sienna. Under the influence of temperature changes the color of umber, acquires red. Artificial pigments, often more expensive than natural ones. But they are highly resistant to external influences, as well as they do not lose color saturation for a long time. For synthetic dyes include red lead, white lead, chromium oxide, crown, green, mummy, Mars, cobalt, vermilion, ultramarine blue, black, paint for facades made on these pigments. White – the basic, commonly used pigment white. There are zinc, lead, titanium white. White lead because of toxicity are rarely used in domestic work. Whiting, obtained from zinc oxide, are a frequent component of the enamel and oil paints. Most high levels of resistance, opacity – a titanium white. However, they also have their own feature – a gradual color change, the acquisition of a yellowish tinge. Therefore, in the paint with pigments are often added blue dyes. The basic black dye is black, the resulting combustion with insufficient oxygen. Pigments in red – vermilion, mummy. The mummy eventually loses saturation of red, dim. Cinnabar is toxic because of mercury content. Minium has orange-red. Minium-based paint Lead from the released toxins are rarely used indoors. Mars provide an opportunity to get several warm shades – from yellow to red brown. To obtain a yellow crown use – lead, strontium, zinc. Lead crown harmful as other paints with a similar basis. Blue pigments colors are blue, cobalt, ultramarine. Green color is formed by adding zinc or lead paint pigment green. It in turn is made by mixing paint and yacht crown (yellow). Independently mix pigments found in its pure form is extremely dangerous. Dust clouds, falling into the organism can cause serious damage to health.

Plastic Windows

New windows are so called because of the material from which made their profile. If we talk Bole specifically, the name of the plastic – polyvinyl chloride. Hence the commonly used reduction of PVC. This material developed a chemist from Germany Regnald. Happened to its opening in 1835, and a whole century, there simply as a scientific achievement. Practical application of PVC was only a century later, when it was coined by the way it is industrial production. Plastic PVC windows have to do in the middle of last century in Germany. One enterprising businessman set plastic windows in the house of her first client for free and spread wide advertising campaign for installation of plastic windows.

For several years, Everyman accustomed to plastic windows, and in the mid-sixties, when the technology was worked out to perfection, there was the first boom, which from Germany, spread to neighboring countries, and further demand for plastic windows only grow. Russia was the last country in Europe, where he assessed the plastic window. But in our country, installation of plastic windows exist on the construction market for two decades. In Russia, the estimated new windows for their excellent quality, corresponding to different climatic conditions. New windows perfectly maintained temperature swings that occur in various Russian regions.

New windows are not affected by direct sunlight, extremes of pressure and changes in ambient humidity. New windows are as long as those frames are made of wood, sometimes plastic windows exceed the life of the old trusted material. Over time, the original plastic composition has undergone some changes, and now experts ensure a working life for forty years without additional maintenance and replacement. It was almost a decisive argument. New windows are gradually replacing the market with wood. On top of its consumer properties of wood windows with double glass is superior and other alternative profiles. New windows in our time are made in different shapes and colors, and are therefore an important component of design solutions apartments and even houses in general. If we talk about the forms of plastic windows, the most popular are still the traditional standard rectangles.

Wood Textile Concrete Roofing Materials

When decorating the interior, producing a variety of interior materials used. These materials are necessarily appropriate process to make any special properties of the product. Processing each material should start with an antiseptic. Antiseptics are needed to remove mold from surfaces, insects (beetles, worms, paper), mold and prevent their occurrence in the future. Roofing materials concrete, textiles, wood mandatory antiseptikamii processed. The next step – painting.

Powder coating on today in the field of industrial painting is very popular. Powder-polymer paint applied here and there. They paint a house, furniture, appliances and even space stations. Powder coating liquid passes, so called. "Traditional" paint on many aspects: environmental friendliness, design, quality and economy. Powder coatings contain no solvents and is completely made up of substances during solidification turning into thin-film coatings, hard, high strength and abrasion.

Sometimes their life exceeds the lifetime of the object that this paint is painted – so they are durable. Having said that, as well as the fact that the annual increase in output of powder paints is now about 10 percent can be conclude that the future – this polymer paint. Much attention is paid in the industry, in addition, and fireproofing products. That is why for fire protection developed flame retardant. Demand for flame retardants extension of time to reach a critical temperature in some structures when exposed to open flames. They are available for materials such as textiles, concrete, metal, wood and the like. The most popular in this area uses a flame retardant BATH-1, after a deep or surface impregnation is much reduced flammability of wood products and textiles and carpets.

Plasterboard Walls

In addition, they are flexible enough to resist small deformations of the walls without cracking. Due to these properties are very popular decorative plaster for finishing plasterboard walls. Entrance hall, toilet, bathroom, stair openings (in their own homes), the wall, which prefers for its "exercise" your favorite four-legged – all suitable objects for the application of such coatings. Processed decorative plaster walls can only spoil claws of animals, against which protection has not yet invented. But even in this case the scratches will not show through the plaster texture. If your child decides to pour a bottle of ink on the wall, you can remove the cover and the spoiled replace it with exactly the same. An important property of any material is its harmlessness to health, so for internal decorative works made of plaster on the basis of ecologically pure polymer acrylic. In applying decorative plaster are simple and convenient.

They can be laid at the base of a thin layer, filling all of its irregularities. Do not exfoliate during transportation and installation. Form a strong and treschinnostoykoe coverage. Tinting decorative materials for special tinting machines makes it possible to obtain more than 20 thousand different shades to suit every taste. Marble aggregate plaster is water-based. After the evaporation of water particles polymer (binding basis) under the action of oxygen and light are transformed into a solid mass, which firmly binds the filler particles and keeps them on the ground. After solidification of the polymer is not water soluble and under the action of chemicals and mechanical stress. The advantages of decorative plasters: – applied to any surface – exclude pre-plastering work – conceal small cracks and irregularities – not waste remains in the application – no smell – no seams – the surface is warm to the touch – an environmentally friendly product – good breathability – not absorb the smoke and smell – and sound insulation – antistatic – color stability – frost (front) – can be easily removed (by the principle of wallpaper).

Strength

And in any case, do not use an ordinary cloth, but even more so – not smoothing wallpaper from the middle to the edges. Otherwise, all the mess. The fact that is still wet from glue wallpaper to a time warp. Moist swell, and relief spreads and disappears. But it dries, the figure tends to recover, but it prevents glue. And the panels between the edges of the gaps may appear. However, even with this accident is not tushuytes, do not panic. And it is not necessary, cursing, tear off the wallpaper.

Take the putty and fingers (not with a spatula) spend on each seam. Method two: Is it possible to paint the interlining? The second type of wallpaper under paint – non-woven wallpaper. Fleece – a panel made of compressed fiber segments, very dense in structure. What is Nonwoven? To, for example, do some detail jacket nemnuscheysya to just the wrong side and stick interlining. So, just for him (through a stencil with a pattern), sprayed foam vinyl. The reverse side of wallpaper (wrong side), however, remains smooth. If you buy wallpaper for painting non-woven basis – a remarkable thing in all respects, because glue them even easier than paper. They are not deformed, not compressed, not vzbuhayut.

Moreover, the adhesive plaster is not cloth, but only a wall. Therefore, the adhesive will need less and work will be fun. It is because of the strength of specialists is particularly recommended to glue them in new homes. Wallpapers non-woven, not only will not tear from shrinkage of the walls, but in a sense, will keep the crack will not let her go further. And everything is good. But there they have a 'harmful': should be handled very carefully. The fact that the relief (foamed vinyl) in principle can be scraped off even with a fingernail. Therefore, they must necessarily paint, then the top layer become much stronger.

Assembly Vinyl

Paint for the facade often made on a water-based dispersion. Themselves in front of staining require certain conditions, ie temperature conditions and humidity levels. Color of the facade can be done only on certain days, when air temperature is not below 10 degrees Celsius and humidity below 75%, while the wind speed should be minimal, and the facade should not affect direct solar luchi.Vinilovy Saydingovye siding panels made of PVC are known as vinyl siding. This type of finishing materials has been known since the 60s of XX century, has since been widely used almost everywhere. Has some significant advantages such as resistance to all kinds of environmental factors, ease of installation and maintenance, high environmental and long-term operation. Assembly Vinyl siding can be done either on the support structure and directly on the wall.

High-quality vinyl siding can withstand wide fluctuations in air temperature does not react to the increased humidity, mechanically strong and has a good appearance. When selecting siding is better to give preference to material that has been made of polyvinyl chloride powder, not a product of recycling plastmass.Metallichesky siding is a plate, manufactured by polymer-coated steel, coated with zinc and aluminum and its alloys. This facade material has the following advantages: durable, safe against fire, completely stable in any climatic conditions, does not alter the properties under the influence of temperature, acids and alkalis. Panels of aluminum and steel are very different properties. Steel siding is more durable, practically does not react to temperature, that is, it can be mounted in any season. Aluminum panels are special design features that compensate for the contraction and expansion influenced by temperature changes. The cost of metal siding above the cost of vinyl, but the former has a higher aesthetic quality and is designed for a very long life.