Federal Public

In the two cases of Beautiful Mount and the BR-163, if it showed that: ) The citizens use the participation rights to defend its ambient interests. b) An alliance with the Federal Public prosecution service is characterized by the local actors as very important, while the State Public prosecution service is classified as less important; c) The instrument of public civil action is evaluated as especially useful; d) Other instruments as the audience in the scope of the EIA/RIMA are criticized as little easy cash and to manipulate. The active use of the rights of participation of the scope of the ambient protection made possible positive experiences with the rule of law, while the same in the daily life, many times, it does not have no practical relevance. Many of the representatives of interviewed organizations of the civil society already had been threatened personally by powerful local actors. In the Amaznia, the ambient politics is collated with strong economic interests that, in the local level, not always respect the right and the life and remain unpunished.

For consequence, the actors of the civil society live deeply contradictory experiences in relation to the rule of law, on the other hand, to be able to use its rights of participation in way accomplish and to perceive them, thus, as a positive conquest e, on the other hand, to be displayed private arbitrariedade without enjoying of the protection of instances of the rule of law in the local level. Territory BR 163/PA is located in the region west of the state of Par and is cut by 163 highway BR or Cuiab Santarm and 230 highway or Transamaznica, and still by the River Tapajs. The area was defined in 2002 for the social movements and counted on the support of ambient organizations and research, together to fortify the organization process, Amongst the main claims of the socioambiental movement was the agrarian order and the promotion of sustainable strategies of production, as form to nullify the agrarian conflicts and the pressure on the natural resources that afflicted the region since the decade of 70.